Looking at the statistic, IPv4 will be exhausted in this year. I think it is time to get ready for IPv6. Unfortunately, look like none of the ISP in Australia are providing IPv6 addresses to their customers.
At least, as far as I know TPG, Exetel, Optus and Telstra, etc are not providing IPv6 as yet. However, Google has already laughed their IPv6 web site. Can you try connecting to http://ipv6.google.com ? if you see something, congarduation! Your computer can access IPv6 website and your ISP has a DNS resolver that can point your to a ipv6 website.
Oh…. not sure what I am talking about??? Point your web browser to http://www.test-ipv6.com or http://www.ipv6-test.com both site will test your ipv6 and ipv4 connectivity. It should give you some idea of what I am talking about.
In order to test out the IPv6 connectivity, I have built a IPv6 tunnel to http://www.he.net . HE has assigned me a /64 and /48 IPv6 public address. I have that setup on my router, every computer in my home is now IPv6 ready. There are more than enough ip addresses in a /48, so I routed some of them to my web server in the data center.
here are the sample configuration.
Configuration on my cisco router:
interface Tunnel2 description IPV6 tunnel to webserver no ip address ipv6 address 2001:470:ECEE:2::2/64 tunnel source YY.YY.YY.YY tunnel destination XX.XX.XX.XX tunnel mode ipv6ip
Configuration on my web server (debian linux)
ip tunnel add ipv6tunnel mode sit remote YY.YY.YY.YY ip link set ipv6tunnel up ip addr add 2001:470:ECEE:2::1/64 dev ipv6tunnel ip route add 0::0/0 dev ipv6tunnel echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/all/forwarding
in my cisco router, there is another tunnel for me to connect to www.he.net for the ipv6 connecitivity.
interface Tunnel0 description Hurricane Electric IPv6 Tunnel Broker no ip address ipv6 address 2001:470:35:4D::2/64 ipv6 enable tunnel source YY.YY.YY.YY tunnel destination 188.8.131.52 tunnel mode ipv6ip
a default route for ipv6 need to be added on the router as well
ipv6 route ::/0 Tunnel0
After all the setting, it will be time to do some test. First, try
in the debain server, which I got a host not found message. It was because I don’t have a IPv6 DNS setup. To get this fix, I did the following:
adding the HE.net DNS resolver address
After setting the DNS server, do the ping6 again, it should work now. After setting IPv6 for the web server, I also want all my computes at home obtain an IPv6 ip address automantically and also receivce the ipv6 DNS automantically. here are the CLI command to configurate a IPv6 DHCP pool:
ipv6 dhcp pool datalan address prefix 2001:470:ECEE::/64 dns-server 2001:470:20::2
After rebooting a PC, it automantically recevice the IPv6 address and able to pass all the test on http://www.test-ipv6.com.
My next project will be setting up a PPTP ipv6 VPN, so I can access IPv6 website while I am on a IPv4 endpoint via the PPTP tunnel. I will post the configuration up if I am able to make this work.